The cannabis plant comes with hundreds of very active chemical components, with the majority of these components being cannabinoids. Phytocannabinoids are cannabinoids that emanate from the cannabis plant. Most of which has the highest concentration in the female buds of the cannabis plant.

These chemical components play a pivotal role as they interact directly with the cannabinoid receptors found throughout the human endocannabinoid system. The medicinal benefits associated with cannabis only come to play when cannabinoids activate the CB1 and CB2 receptors in the brain and body. With that in mind, we would now look at cannabinoids and terpenes as this research moves further.

Cannabinoids and Terpenes

  • Cannabinoids

This class of chemical components emanates from hemp and cannabis. They both interact directly with the cannabinoid receptors. All of which reside in the human endocannabinoid system. And every medical benefit associated with cannabis circles around one fact. The cannabinoids activate the CB1 and CB2 receptors in the brain and body. Once the CB1 and CB2 receptors are activated, it improves how the body and its organs function.

  • Terpenes

The taste and flavor emitted by every cannabis plant or strain are on offer today is thanks to terpenes. Except for other botanical plant species, every cannabis strain comes or offers a unique profile. Terpenes like cannabinoids act like complementary goods and contribute massively to taste, flavor, high and entourage effects of consuming cannabis. These days, many cannabis farmers dream of breeding strains that offer rich amounts of cannabinoids and terpenes, thanks to their special therapeutic effects.

Types Of Cannabinoids

Classes of cannabinoids

Different types of cannabinoids have different effects. For example, certain ones serve as a panacea for pain, while others have helpful anticonvulsant properties. Some of the benefits of these chemical components are diverse, but more scientific research is needed to understand their versatility and therapeutic effects fully.

  • Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid (THC-A).
  • Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
  • Cannabinol (CBN)
  • Cannabigerol (CBG)
  • Cannabidivarin (CBD-V)
  • Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THC-V)
  • Cannabidiol (CBD)

Final Note On Cannabinoids

Understanding the different cannabinoids is vital to using cannabis as a panacea for specific ailments. For example, research findings opine that the cannabinoids in cannabis come with the ability to provide pain relief, serve as anti-inflammation, and many more.

Types Of Terpenes

What are Terpenes?Terpenes are essential to how humans use and view the cannabis plant. All of this is evident from its anti-inflammatory and sedative properties. Today, there are over a hundred different cannabis terpenes, but only a handful of them reside in high concentrations in cannabis. Enclosed below are some of the most common types of terpenes.

  • β–Myrcene
  • Limonene
  • Humulene 
  • Ocimene 
  • Terpinolene 
  • Linalool 
  • Pinene 
  • β–Caryophyllene 

Final Note On Terpenes

Terpenes are a vital facet of cannabis: both plant and medicine. This is evident from the plant's ability to serve as a panacea for chronic pain and other ailments. However, it only testifies to the unique nature of cannabis terpenes and their remarkable variety of therapeutic properties.

Guest Authour: Ngoye Laetitia 

Cannabinoids and terpenes

1 comment



Very interesting stuff, I am curious what the cannabinoid and terpene profiles are of your SWAG varieties

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